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Tools and programming languages

  1. Australia
  2. Canada
  3. Germany
  4. Netherlands
  5. New Zealand
  6. South Africa
  7. United Kingdom
  8. United States
  9. World

On technical details we wanted to know which of the programming languages are mostly used by the RSEs. We give them a multi-choice list inspired by the results published by Stackoverflow.

We also wanted to know which operating system they use for work.

Questions in this section:

  • Which operating system do you primarily use for development? (one choice)
  • What programming languages do you use at work? Please select all that apply. (multiple choice)

Australia

Programming languages

Programming languages for Australia Count Percentage Percentage in 2018 Difference with previous year
Python 23 71.88 68.69 3.19
R 12 37.5 39.39 -1.89
SQL 8 25 34.34 -9.34
C++ 7 21.88 32.32 -10.45
C 6 18.75 31.31 -12.56
JavaScript 6 18.75 26.26 -7.51
Fortran 6 18.75 22.22 -3.47
Julia 4 12.5 3.03 9.47
Perl 3 9.38 8.08 1.29
other. What programming languages do you use at work? Please select all that apply. 3 9.38 0 9.38
Java 3 9.38 20.2 -10.83
PHP 2 6.25 9.09 -2.84
Assembly 2 6.25 0 6.25
Rust 1 3.12 1.01 2.11
Matlab 1 3.12 12.12 -9
Groovy 1 3.12 2.02 1.1
Ruby 0 0 5.05 -5.05
TypeScript 0 0 1.01 -1.01
VB.NET 0 0 2.02 -2.02
Scala 0 0 1.01 -1.01
VBA 0 0 2.02 -2.02
Visual Basic 0 0 2.02 -2.02
Lua 0 0 2.02 -2.02
Haskell 0 0 1.01 -1.01
Go 0 0 5.05 -5.05
F# 0 0 1.01 -1.01
Clojure 0 0 1.01 -1.01
C# 0 0 12.12 -12.12

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2022-08-22T11:27:28.485717 image/svg+xml Matplotlib v3.5.2, https://matplotlib.org/

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Operating systems

Operating systems for Australia Count Percentage Percentage in 2018 Difference with previous year
GNU/Linux 18 58.06 60 -1.94
macOS 7 22.58 nan nan
Windows 5 16.13 17.65 -1.52
Other 1 3.23 2.35 0.87

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2022-08-22T11:27:29.054358 image/svg+xml Matplotlib v3.5.2, https://matplotlib.org/

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Canada

Programming languages

Programming languages for Canada Count Percentage Percentage in 2018 Difference with previous year
Python 11 100 63.64 36.36
JavaScript 5 45.45 9.09 36.36
PHP 4 36.36 0 36.36
C++ 4 36.36 45.45 -9.09
Julia 3 27.27 9.09 18.18
SQL 3 27.27 9.09 18.18
R 2 18.18 45.45 -27.27
Ruby 2 18.18 0 18.18
Fortran 2 18.18 18.18 0
C 2 18.18 27.27 -9.09
TypeScript 1 9.09 0 9.09
other. What programming languages do you use at work? Please select all that apply. 1 9.09 0 9.09
Assembly 1 9.09 0 9.09
Perl 0 0 9.09 -9.09
Haskell 0 0 9.09 -9.09

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2022-08-22T11:27:29.911024 image/svg+xml Matplotlib v3.5.2, https://matplotlib.org/

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Operating systems

Operating systems for Canada Count Percentage Percentage in 2018 Difference with previous year
GNU/Linux 6 60 44.44 15.56
macOS 2 20 nan nan
Windows 2 20 11.11 8.89

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2022-08-22T11:27:30.418852 image/svg+xml Matplotlib v3.5.2, https://matplotlib.org/

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Germany

Programming languages

Programming languages for Germany Count Percentage Percentage in 2018 Difference with previous year
Python 176 68.22 63.36 4.85
C++ 76 29.46 37.54 -8.08
R 65 25.19 20.72 4.47
JavaScript 53 20.54 22.82 -2.28
Java 50 19.38 22.22 -2.84
C 44 17.05 26.43 -9.37
SQL 43 16.67 19.82 -3.15
Matlab 41 15.89 21.92 -6.03
other. What programming languages do you use at work? Please select all that apply. 37 14.34 0 14.34
Fortran 35 13.57 17.42 -3.85
PHP 21 8.14 9.31 -1.17
Perl 21 8.14 4.8 3.33
Julia 16 6.2 4.2 2
TypeScript 15 5.81 4.2 1.61
C# 9 3.49 8.71 -5.22
Go 5 1.94 2.1 -0.16
Ruby 4 1.55 1.8 -0.25
Rust 4 1.55 2.4 -0.85
Groovy 4 1.55 1.5 0.05
Scala 3 1.16 1.5 -0.34
Assembly 2 0.78 2.4 -1.63
Haskell 2 0.78 0.9 -0.13
Lua 2 0.78 1.5 -0.73
Visual Basic 2 0.78 1.5 -0.73
F# 2 0.78 0 0.78
VBA 1 0.39 3.3 -2.92
Dart 1 0.39 0 0.39
CoffeeScript 1 0.39 0.3 0.09
Swift 1 0.39 0.6 -0.21
VB.NET 0 0 1.5 -1.5
Objective-C 0 0 0.3 -0.3
Common Lisp 0 0 0.9 -0.9

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2022-08-22T11:27:31.930702 image/svg+xml Matplotlib v3.5.2, https://matplotlib.org/

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Operating systems

Operating systems for Germany Count Percentage Percentage in 2018 Difference with previous year
GNU/Linux 125 60.1 58.36 1.73
Windows 47 22.6 29.89 -7.3
macOS 32 15.38 nan nan
Other 4 1.92 1.78 0.14

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2022-08-22T11:27:32.527627 image/svg+xml Matplotlib v3.5.2, https://matplotlib.org/

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Netherlands

Programming languages

Programming languages for Netherlands Count Percentage Percentage in 2018 Difference with previous year
Python 51 77.27 81.48 -4.21
JavaScript 20 30.3 40.74 -10.44
R 18 27.27 22.22 5.05
C++ 17 25.76 33.33 -7.58
SQL 16 24.24 27.78 -3.54
Java 15 22.73 20.37 2.36
C 11 16.67 14.81 1.85
Fortran 10 15.15 3.7 11.45
other. What programming languages do you use at work? Please select all that apply. 7 10.61 0 10.61
PHP 6 9.09 9.26 -0.17
TypeScript 4 6.06 9.26 -3.2
C# 4 6.06 0 6.06
Perl 3 4.55 1.85 2.69
Matlab 2 3.03 7.41 -4.38
Julia 2 3.03 3.7 -0.67
Rust 2 3.03 3.7 -0.67
Scala 1 1.52 3.7 -2.19
Go 1 1.52 0 1.52
Lua 1 1.52 0 1.52
Ruby 1 1.52 3.7 -2.19
Groovy 1 1.52 3.7 -2.19
Swift 0 0 1.85 -1.85

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2022-08-22T11:27:33.577016 image/svg+xml Matplotlib v3.5.2, https://matplotlib.org/

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Operating systems

Operating systems for Netherlands Count Percentage Percentage in 2018 Difference with previous year
GNU/Linux 36 63.16 62.5 0.66
macOS 12 21.05 nan nan
Windows 9 15.79 20.83 -5.04

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2022-08-22T11:27:34.086226 image/svg+xml Matplotlib v3.5.2, https://matplotlib.org/

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New Zealand

Programming languages

Programming languages for New Zealand Count Percentage Percentage in 2018 Difference with previous year
Python 21 75 78.38 -3.38
R 14 50 40.54 9.46
SQL 10 35.71 40.54 -4.83
Fortran 10 35.71 27.03 8.69
C 9 32.14 35.14 -2.99
C++ 7 25 29.73 -4.73
JavaScript 7 25 37.84 -12.84
Perl 5 17.86 21.62 -3.76
Matlab 4 14.29 16.22 -1.93
Rust 3 10.71 2.7 8.01
Julia 3 10.71 8.11 2.61
Java 2 7.14 27.03 -19.88
TypeScript 2 7.14 5.41 1.74
VB.NET 2 7.14 0 7.14
VBA 2 7.14 2.7 4.44
C# 2 7.14 5.41 1.74
Go 1 3.57 2.7 0.87
Visual Basic 1 3.57 2.7 0.87
other. What programming languages do you use at work? Please select all that apply. 1 3.57 0 3.57
Lua 1 3.57 0 3.57
Objective-C 1 3.57 0 3.57
Clojure 1 3.57 0 3.57
Swift 0 0 2.7 -2.7
PHP 0 0 8.11 -8.11
Assembly 0 0 2.7 -2.7
Erlang 0 0 2.7 -2.7
Common Lisp 0 0 2.7 -2.7

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2022-08-22T11:27:35.261270 image/svg+xml Matplotlib v3.5.2, https://matplotlib.org/

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Operating systems

Operating systems for New Zealand Count Percentage Percentage in 2018 Difference with previous year
GNU/Linux 20 76.92 67.65 9.28
Windows 4 15.38 14.71 0.68
macOS 2 7.69 nan nan

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2022-08-22T11:27:35.803061 image/svg+xml Matplotlib v3.5.2, https://matplotlib.org/

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South Africa

Programming languages

Programming languages for South Africa Count Percentage Percentage in 2018 Difference with previous year
other. What programming languages do you use at work? Please select all that apply. 2 100 0 100
R 2 100 26.09 73.91
Python 1 50 60.87 -10.87
SQL 0 0 26.09 -26.09
Perl 0 0 8.7 -8.7
PHP 0 0 8.7 -8.7
Scala 0 0 4.35 -4.35
Assembly 0 0 4.35 -4.35
TypeScript 0 0 4.35 -4.35
Visual Basic 0 0 4.35 -4.35
Matlab 0 0 4.35 -4.35
Julia 0 0 4.35 -4.35
C 0 0 13.04 -13.04
C# 0 0 8.7 -8.7
C++ 0 0 13.04 -13.04
Erlang 0 0 4.35 -4.35
Go 0 0 4.35 -4.35
Groovy 0 0 4.35 -4.35
Java 0 0 17.39 -17.39
JavaScript 0 0 13.04 -13.04

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2022-08-22T11:27:36.750771 image/svg+xml Matplotlib v3.5.2, https://matplotlib.org/

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Operating systems

Operating systems for South Africa Count Percentage Percentage in 2018 Difference with previous year
Windows 2 100 26.32 73.68

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2022-08-22T11:27:37.137437 image/svg+xml Matplotlib v3.5.2, https://matplotlib.org/

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United Kingdom

Programming languages

Programming languages for United Kingdom Count Percentage Percentage in 2018 Difference with previous year
Python 130 74.29 77.12 -2.83
JavaScript 58 33.14 27.54 5.6
C++ 58 33.14 37.71 -4.57
R 44 25.14 29.24 -4.09
SQL 39 22.29 27.97 -5.68
C 35 20 35.17 -15.17
Fortran 29 16.57 27.54 -10.97
Matlab 26 14.86 17.37 -2.52
Java 22 12.57 19.92 -7.34
TypeScript 17 9.71 3.39 6.32
other. What programming languages do you use at work? Please select all that apply. 13 7.43 0 7.43
Ruby 12 6.86 2.97 3.89
C# 12 6.86 7.2 -0.35
PHP 11 6.29 9.32 -3.04
Julia 6 3.43 1.69 1.73
Perl 6 3.43 12.29 -8.86
Rust 3 1.71 1.69 0.02
Scala 3 1.71 1.27 0.44
Objective-C 3 1.71 0.85 0.87
Swift 3 1.71 0 1.71
Assembly 2 1.14 2.54 -1.4
VBA 2 1.14 2.97 -1.82
Go 2 1.14 1.27 -0.13
F# 2 1.14 0 1.14
Common Lisp 2 1.14 0 1.14
Haskell 1 0.57 0 0.57
Visual Basic 0 0 1.27 -1.27
VB.NET 0 0 0.85 -0.85
Lua 0 0 1.27 -1.27
Groovy 0 0 1.27 -1.27
CoffeeScript 0 0 1.27 -1.27
Clojure 0 0 0.42 -0.42

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2022-08-22T11:27:38.609888 image/svg+xml Matplotlib v3.5.2, https://matplotlib.org/

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Operating systems

Operating systems for United Kingdom Count Percentage Percentage in 2018 Difference with previous year
GNU/Linux 83 58.04 61.46 -3.42
macOS 43 30.07 nan nan
Windows 17 11.89 18.05 -6.16

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2022-08-22T11:27:39.173537 image/svg+xml Matplotlib v3.5.2, https://matplotlib.org/

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United States

Programming languages

Programming languages for United States Count Percentage Percentage in 2018 Difference with previous year
Python 128 80 78.23 1.77
C++ 55 34.38 34.69 -0.32
R 49 30.63 23.13 7.5
SQL 48 30 31.97 -1.97
JavaScript 46 28.75 28.57 0.18
C 35 21.88 34.01 -12.14
Fortran 29 18.12 20.41 -2.28
Matlab 27 16.88 13.61 3.27
Java 27 16.88 21.09 -4.21
other. What programming languages do you use at work? Please select all that apply. 16 10 0 10
Perl 15 9.38 13.61 -4.23
TypeScript 13 8.12 0.68 7.44
Julia 13 8.12 2.72 5.4
PHP 12 7.5 6.8 0.7
Ruby 9 5.62 4.08 1.54
C# 6 3.75 6.12 -2.37
Go 6 3.75 1.36 2.39
Scala 5 3.12 2.04 1.08
Lua 4 2.5 1.36 1.14
Common Lisp 4 2.5 0.68 1.82
Assembly 3 1.88 2.72 -0.85
Groovy 3 1.88 2.72 -0.85
Objective-C 2 1.25 0.68 0.57
VB.NET 2 1.25 0 1.25
Haskell 2 1.25 0 1.25
Visual Basic 2 1.25 0.68 0.57
Rust 2 1.25 1.36 -0.11
VBA 2 1.25 2.72 -1.47
Dart 1 0.62 0 0.62
Swift 1 0.62 0.68 -0.06
Elixir 1 0.62 0.68 -0.06
CoffeeScript 0 0 1.36 -1.36
Clojure 0 0 1.36 -1.36

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2022-08-22T11:27:40.605438 image/svg+xml Matplotlib v3.5.2, https://matplotlib.org/

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Operating systems

Operating systems for United States Count Percentage Percentage in 2018 Difference with previous year
GNU/Linux 74 56.06 63.16 -7.1
macOS 47 35.61 nan nan
Windows 10 7.58 9.77 -2.2
Other 1 0.76 nan nan

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2022-08-22T11:27:41.225790 image/svg+xml Matplotlib v3.5.2, https://matplotlib.org/

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World

Programming languages

Programming languages for World Count Percentage Percentage in 2018 Difference with previous year
Python 708 71.01 70.65 0.36
C++ 301 30.19 34.87 -4.68
R 269 26.98 26.93 0.05
JavaScript 246 24.67 26.73 -2.06
SQL 220 22.07 26.73 -4.67
C 193 19.36 28.64 -9.29
Fortran 170 17.05 19.6 -2.55
Java 143 14.34 20.1 -5.76
Matlab 130 13.04 16.88 -3.85
other. What programming languages do you use at work? Please select all that apply. 111 11.13 0 11.13
PHP 77 7.72 8.54 -0.82
Perl 68 6.82 9.05 -2.22
Julia 65 6.52 3.52 3
TypeScript 63 6.32 3.22 3.1
C# 41 4.11 7.34 -3.22
Ruby 29 2.91 2.91 -0.01
Rust 27 2.71 1.81 0.9
Go 21 2.11 2.11 -0
Scala 14 1.4 1.61 -0.2
Lua 13 1.3 1.21 0.1
Assembly 13 1.3 2.01 -0.71
Groovy 12 1.2 1.71 -0.5
Haskell 9 0.9 0.5 0.4
Common Lisp 9 0.9 0.5 0.4
VBA 9 0.9 2.71 -1.81
Objective-C 7 0.7 0.4 0.3
Swift 7 0.7 0.5 0.2
VB.NET 6 0.6 0.9 -0.3
Visual Basic 6 0.6 1.31 -0.7
F# 4 0.4 0.1 0.3
Dart 3 0.3 0 0.3
Clojure 2 0.2 0.4 -0.2
CoffeeScript 1 0.1 0.7 -0.6
Elixir 1 0.1 0.2 -0.1
Erlang 0 0 0.3 -0.3

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2022-08-22T11:27:42.733649 image/svg+xml Matplotlib v3.5.2, https://matplotlib.org/

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Operating systems

Operating systems for World Count Percentage Percentage in 2018 Difference with previous year
GNU/Linux 509 63.15 61.55 1.6
macOS 169 20.97 nan nan
Windows 120 14.89 20.52 -5.63
Other 8 0.99 1.06 -0.06

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2022-08-22T11:27:43.347606 image/svg+xml Matplotlib v3.5.2, https://matplotlib.org/