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Education and academic field

  1. Questions in this section
  2. Levels of education
  3. Academic field for education and professional development
  4. Academic field of work

This section contains the information about the type of education the participants have, as well as their highest degree obtained.

We asked the participants, in which field they are working. With that question, it is possible to see which current field employed the most of RSE/RSD. The questions were specific to each country and was multiple choice. Each participant could choose several fields. We then calculate the different proportion by dividing each field by the total of participants that have selected at least one option.

Questions in this section

  • What is the highest level of education you have attained? (one choice list)
  • In which discipline is your highest academic qualification? (one choice list)
  • List any professional qualifications you hold (free text)

Levels of education

Australia

Highest level of education for Australia Count Percentage Percentage in 2018 Difference with previous year
AQF 10 - Doctoral Degree 19 59.38 63.64 -4.26
AQF 8 - Bachelor Honours Degree / Graduate Certificate / Graduate Diploma 7 21.88 13.13 8.74
AQF 9 - Masters Degree 4 12.5 11.11 1.39
AQF 7 - Bachelor Degree 2 6.25 11.11 -4.86

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2022-08-22T11:26:33.086261 image/svg+xml Matplotlib v3.5.2, https://matplotlib.org/

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Canada

Highest level of education for Canada Count Percentage Percentage in 2018 Difference with previous year
Doctorate 7 63.64 81.82 -18.18
Masters Degree 4 36.36 9.09 27.27

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2022-08-22T11:26:33.380094 image/svg+xml Matplotlib v3.5.2, https://matplotlib.org/

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Germany

Highest level of education for Germany Count Percentage Percentage in 2018 Difference with previous year
Master degree 121 46.9 50.75 -3.85
Doctorate 118 45.74 39.94 5.8
Undergraduate degree 10 3.88 5.71 -1.83
Final secondary-school examinations, general qualification for university entrance 5 1.94 2.1 -0.16
Other 4 1.55 1.2 0.35

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2022-08-22T11:26:33.773933 image/svg+xml Matplotlib v3.5.2, https://matplotlib.org/

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Netherlands

Highest level of education for Netherlands Count Percentage Percentage in 2018 Difference with previous year
PhD 34 51.52 50 1.52
WO (Wetenschappelijk onderwijs) Master 26 39.39 37.04 2.36
HBO (Hoger beroepsonderwijs) Master 3 4.55 5.56 -1.01
HBO (Hoger beroepsonderwijs) Bachelor 2 3.03 1.85 1.18
WO (Wetenschappelijk onderwijs) Bachelor 1 1.52 5.56 -4.04

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2022-08-22T11:26:34.204276 image/svg+xml Matplotlib v3.5.2, https://matplotlib.org/

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New Zealand

Highest level of education for New Zealand Count Percentage Percentage in 2018 Difference with previous year
Doctorate 12 42.86 37.84 5.02
Master degree 8 28.57 27.03 1.54
Undergraduate degree 5 17.86 27.03 -9.17
Further Education 2 7.14 nan nan
Other 1 3.57 2.7 0.87

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2022-08-22T11:26:34.775842 image/svg+xml Matplotlib v3.5.2, https://matplotlib.org/

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South Africa

Highest level of education for South Africa Count Percentage
  2 100

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2022-08-22T11:26:35.020176 image/svg+xml Matplotlib v3.5.2, https://matplotlib.org/

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United Kingdom

Highest level of education for United Kingdom Count Percentage Percentage in 2018 Difference with previous year
Doctorate 124 70.86 70.34 0.52
Master degree 35 20 20.34 -0.34
Undergraduate degree 13 7.43 8.9 -1.47
Further Education (NVQ A-Level, …) 1 0.57 nan nan
Other 1 0.57 nan nan
GSCEs 1 0.57 0.42 0.15

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2022-08-22T11:26:35.405927 image/svg+xml Matplotlib v3.5.2, https://matplotlib.org/

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United States

Highest level of education for United States Count Percentage Percentage in 2018 Difference with previous year
Doctorate 84 52.5 45.58 6.92
Undergraduate degree 36 22.5 22.45 0.05
Master degree 36 22.5 31.29 -8.79
Associate degree (typically from a community college) 1 0.62 nan nan
None 1 0.62 nan nan
High School 1 0.62 nan nan
Other 1 0.62 0.68 -0.06

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2022-08-22T11:26:35.888588 image/svg+xml Matplotlib v3.5.2, https://matplotlib.org/

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Rest of the World

Highest level of education for World Count Percentage Percentage in 2018 Difference with previous year
Doctorate 394 39.52 43.32 -3.8
Master degree 247 24.77 29.45 -4.67
Undergraduate degree 69 6.92 9.45 -2.53
doctorate 65 6.52 nan nan
PhD 34 3.41 2.71 0.7
  31 3.11 0.4 2.71
doctorat 29 2.91 nan nan
WO (Wetenschappelijk onderwijs) Master 26 2.61 2.01 0.6
AQF 10 - Doctoral Degree 19 1.91 6.33 -4.43
AQF 8 - Bachelor Honours Degree / Graduate Certificate / Graduate Diploma 7 0.7 1.31 -0.6
Other 7 0.7 0.8 -0.1
Final secondary-school examinations, general qualification for university entrance 5 0.5 0.7 -0.2
Masters Degree 4 0.4 0.1 0.3
AQF 9 - Masters Degree 4 0.4 1.11 -0.7
licentiate 3 0.3 nan nan
HBO (Hoger beroepsonderwijs) Master 3 0.3 0.3 -0
diplôme dingénieur 2 0.2 nan nan
bac+5 2 0.2 nan nan
AQF 7 - Bachelor Degree 2 0.2 1.11 -0.9
doctorat (phd) 2 0.2 nan nan
associate 2 0.2 nan nan
HBO (Hoger beroepsonderwijs) Bachelor 2 0.2 0.1 0.1
Further Education 2 0.2 nan nan
high school 2 0.2 nan nan
bac +5 2 0.2 nan nan
diplome dingenieur (baccalaureat +5) 1 0.1 nan nan
bsc (currently attending; not graduated) 1 0.1 nan nan
High School 1 0.1 nan nan
None 1 0.1 nan nan
magister 1 0.1 nan nan
bsc in computer science 1 0.1 nan nan
master degree 1 0.1 nan nan
Associate degree (typically from a community college) 1 0.1 nan nan
bac+2 1 0.1 nan nan
ma 1 0.1 nan nan
enrolled in phd (computer science) 1 0.1 nan nan
masters of science 1 0.1 nan nan
maestria 1 0.1 nan nan
bsc 1 0.1 nan nan
hochschule 1 0.1 nan nan
doctorant 1 0.1 nan nan
doctorat + 2ans de post-doc 1 0.1 nan nan
WO (Wetenschappelijk onderwijs) Bachelor 1 0.1 0.3 -0.2
btech 1 0.1 nan nan
pre-bachelor 1 0.1 nan nan
habilitation à diriger des thèses - thèse 1 0.1 nan nan
Further Education (NVQ A-Level, …) 1 0.1 0.4 -0.3
graduate degree 1 0.1 nan nan
bac+8 1 0.1 nan nan
applicable 1 0.1 nan nan
phd candidate 1 0.1 nan nan
bac+4 1 0.1 nan nan
mastère spécialisé (bac +6) 1 0.1 nan nan
italian laurea (5 years with thesis) roughly master 1 0.1 nan nan
je suis actuellement en doctorat 1 0.1 nan nan
bac +3 1 0.1 nan nan
GSCEs 1 0.1 0.1 -0

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2022-08-22T11:26:38.186875 image/svg+xml Matplotlib v3.5.2, https://matplotlib.org/

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Comparison between countries

Even if the countries have different education levels, it is possible to match them on the common “Doctorate” and “Master degree”. Therefore we compare them with these two equivalent levels and merge all others under the category “other”.

Country education comparison Total count Percentage per countries
Australia Doctorate 82 62.6
Australia Other 34 25.95
Australia Master degree 15 11.45
Canada Doctorate 16 72.73
Canada Other 6 27.27
Germany Master degree 290 49.07
Germany Doctorate 251 42.47
Germany Other 50 8.46
Netherlands Doctorate 61 50.83
Netherlands Master degree 52 43.33
Netherlands Other 7 5.83
New Zealand Doctorate 26 40
New Zealand Other 21 32.31
New Zealand Master degree 18 27.69
South Africa Other 12 48
South Africa Doctorate 7 28
South Africa Master degree 6 24
United Kingdom Doctorate 290 70.56
United Kingdom Master degree 83 20.19
United Kingdom Other 38 9.25
United States Doctorate 151 49.19
United States Master degree 82 26.71
United States Other 74 24.1
World Other 175 54.69
World Doctorate 84 26.25
World Master degree 61 19.06

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2022-08-22T11:26:39.524451 image/svg+xml Matplotlib v3.5.2, https://matplotlib.org/

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Academic field for education and professional development

Alongside of question about education level we also asked the participants in which field they finished their highest level of education. Here again the propositions were specific to each countries so the comparison is difficult despite lot of overlapping in the categories.

Australia

Field of education for Australia Count Percentage
Physical sciences 9 28.12
Information and computing sciences 7 21.88
Earth sciences 5 15.62
Engineering 4 12.5
Biological sciences 2 6.25
Health sciences 1 3.12
Psychology 1 3.12
Biomedical and clinical sciences 1 3.12
Environmental sciences 1 3.12
Language, communication and culture 1 3.12

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2022-08-22T11:26:40.084933 image/svg+xml Matplotlib v3.5.2, https://matplotlib.org/

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2022-08-22T11:26:41.085477 image/svg+xml Matplotlib v3.5.2, https://matplotlib.org/

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Canada

Field of education for Canada Count Percentage
Computer Science 4 36.36
Mathematics 2 18.18
Physics and Astronomy 2 18.18
Psychology 1 9.09
General Engineering 1 9.09
Business & Management Studies 1 9.09

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2022-08-22T11:26:41.768242 image/svg+xml Matplotlib v3.5.2, https://matplotlib.org/

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2022-08-22T11:26:42.560763 image/svg+xml Matplotlib v3.5.2, https://matplotlib.org/

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Germany

Field of education for Germany Count Percentage Percentage in 2018 Difference with previous year
Physics and Astronomy 58 22.48 22.52 -0.04
Computer Science 57 22.09 25.53 -3.43
Mathematics 23 8.91 7.21 1.71
Biological Sciences 17 6.59 7.21 -0.62
Mechanical Engineering 15 5.81 3.3 2.51
Geography & Environmental Sciences 13 5.04 7.51 -2.47
Civil Engineering 10 3.88 1.2 2.67
Electrical & Electronic Engineering 9 3.49 5.41 -1.92
Geology 7 2.71 2.7 0.01
Linguistics 5 1.94 0.6 1.34
General Engineering 5 1.94 1.5 0.44
Chemistry 5 1.94 0.9 1.04
History 4 1.55 1.5 0.05
Agriculture & Forestry 4 1.55 0.3 1.25
Economics 3 1.16 0.9 0.26
  3 1.16 1.2 -0.04
Chemical Engineering 2 0.78 1.5 -0.73
Medicine 2 0.78 0.3 0.47
Philosophy 2 0.78 0.9 -0.13
Librarianship & Information Management 2 0.78 0.9 -0.13
German 2 0.78 0.9 -0.13
Anthropology 1 0.39 nan nan
Aeronautical & Manufacturing Engineering 1 0.39 0.3 0.09
Business & Management Studies 1 0.39 0.3 0.09
Communication & Media Studies 1 0.39 0.3 0.09
Psychology 1 0.39 0.6 -0.21
Classics & Ancient History 1 0.39 0.6 -0.21
Materials Technology